it is difficult to say what will leave you more without breath in the eternal city: the opulence of the Vatican, the antiquity of the imperials fora and of the Roman temples, the perfect architecture of the palaces and churches of the Renaissance, the Monumental Fountains.
The largest amphitheater ever built in antiquity. With its over 50 meters of height, the Colosseum is one of the symbols of Rome. Inside were going on duels between gladiators, hunting ferocious animals and even Le Naumachie, the great naval battles.
The BASILICA OF SAN PIETRO
Is the largest church in the world stands on the place where probably was the tomb of the martyr Saint Peter. The building has sizes from record: the facade of Carlo Maderno 1614 is 114 meters width and 45 meters high. The basilica can contain 60,000 people and is especially famous for the great dome designed by Michelangelo, affectionately called by the Romans "cupolone". You can visit the Sacred caves, the treasure and climb to the Dome from which the view is awesome and you can admire the full majestic colonnade, masterpiece of Bernini, with at the center of the square the vatican Obelisk.
Is the most famous square of Baroque Rome and was commissioned by Pope Innocent X. The square occupies the site of the ancient stadium Domitian and it follows the form because many buildings have their foundation on the ruins of this monument.
PIAZZA DI SPAGNA
Is the most famous square in Rome and is characterized by a strange floor plan, whose ideal center is one of the less conspicuous baroque fountains, La Barcaccia, made by Pietro Bernini, that the legend wants to play a real boat, here ran aground during a flood of the river. In the background, Scalinata di Trinitã dei Monti appears as a big stage. p>
Was erected by the emperor Hadrian in 139 A.D. as a mausoleum for himself and his successors. Then became a defensive stronghold used by the romans, that from here, threw the statues against enemies. The original funerary function was lost over the centuries and it was named castellum. The story goes that in 590, during a papal procession against the plague, you saw the archangel Michael hover from the castle while sheath a sword, symbol of the plague.
PIAZZA DEL POPOLO
The tradition says that it was built with the money of the Roman people, giving the name. In reality Piazza del Popolo is the result of a long process of secular stratification of subsequent constructions. It is composed of two chambers in which there are two esedre adorned by sphinxes, allegorical figures of the seasons and fountains with sculptures. The fanwise opening on the square from which depart the three streets: Via del Babbuino, Via del Corso and Via di Ripetta, better known as Trident, instead dates back to the Sixteenth Century.
LA FONTANA DI TREVI - TREVI FOUNTAIN
is the most beautiful fountain of Rome, and the symbol of the baroque age. The scenographic effect is guaranteed by the restricted space of the surrounding square that looks like a theater. The central statue portrays Neptune. Giving the shoulders to the fountain, throw a coin and express a desire: it succeed and you surely return in the Eternal City.
Built over 900 years, the Roman Forum was the heart of the commercial, political and religious of ancient Rome and of the republican era up to the IV century. Its importance was less with the decline of the Roman Empire. During the Middle Ages it was used as pasture for cattle and as a source of building materials. The area was systematically excavated in the XVIII and XIX centuries, and yet today we see groups of archaeologists at work. You access the hole from the square adjacent to the Colosseum, and suddenly you find yourself immersed in another world: the past.
The Pantheon is one of the most famous and imitated monuments in the world: a dome of perfect proportions resting on a series of elegant columns. Erected in 27 B.C. and rebuilt by the emperor Aadriano in 120, according to a legend, it is situated in the point where Romulus, first king of Rome, his death was seized and taken up to heaven by an eagle. when he died he was taken and brought into heaven by an eagle. Its extraordinary dome is the largest cement vault ever built.
THE VATICAN MUSEUMS
Born by the patronage of the popes who for centuries were gathered and commissioned extraordinary works, the Vatican Museums are considered among the most beautiful museum complexes in the world, equipped with one of the finest art collections in the world. The Museums includes also some rooms magnificently frescoed as the Borgia Apartment frescoed by Pinturicchio, the Raphael Rooms and the famous Sistine Chapel of Michelangelo, one of the artistic treasures of the most celebrated in the world, visited every day 20,000 visitors.